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Periodontal Disease

The word “periodontal” means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. It is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.

Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. 

Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.

Aside from being the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases, such as stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. 

Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.

Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Bleeding Gums

Gums should never bleed even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.

Loose Teeth

Loose teeth are caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).

New Spacing Between Teeth

Spacing between teeth is caused by bone loss.

Persistent Bad Breath

Bad breath is caused by bacteria in the mouth.

Pus Around the Teeth and Gums

Having pus is a sign that there is an infection present in the mouth.

Receding Gums

Receding gum happens when there is a loss of gum around a tooth.

Red and Puffy Gums

Gums should never be red or swollen.

Tenderness or Discomfort

Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.

Learn more about periodontal disease and its prevention by getting in touch with Presser Dental Group. You may also contact us to learn more about the services we offer in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and surrounding areas.

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